European Parliamentary Research Service Blog

Written by Rafał Mańko.

The roles of the EU institutions in negotiating and concluding international agreements, and the procedural steps, are set out in the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union. The European Parliament’s role corresponds to its law-making competences under the Treaties. If an international agreement falls exclusively within common and foreign

Written by Nera Kuljanic.

Exposure to ‘forever chemicals’, air pollution, stress and many other factors depends on where a person lives and their lifestyle choices. These exposures combine over the course of a lifetime, affecting human biology and health. The ‘exposome’ concept offers a framework for understanding and analysing this complex reality, and ultimately for

Written by Kamil Baraník.

Members of the European Parliament may form political groups; these are organised by political affiliation, not by nationality. Since the first direct elections in 1979, the number of political groups has fluctuated between seven and ten. Following the 2024 elections, the number, size and composition of political groups is likely to

Written by Silvia Kotanidis.

At the constituent plenary sitting of the new parliamentary term (16-19 July 2024), the European Parliament will elect its 32nd President, to hold office for the first half of the 10th parliamentary term, until January 2026. The President has an important and increasingly visible function in the EU institutional and international setting,

Written by Magdalena Sapała with Luca Schollaert.

The Netherlands is set to receive €5 441.4 million in grants for the implementation of its national recovery and resilience plan (NRRP). This includes €4 707.1 million from the Recovery and Resilience Facility (RRF), the EU instrument to tackle the socio-economic consequences of the pandemic, and €734.4 million under REPowerEU,

Written by Costica Dumbrava (1st edition).

In October 2023, the Commission submitted a proposal to revise Regulation (EU) 2018/1806 in order to strengthen the visa suspension mechanism. This mechanism allows the EU to temporarily suspend visa exemptions in the event of increased irregular migration or security risks from a visa‑free country.

The proposal addresses three

Written by Lasse Boehm with David Kläffling.

The European Union’s (EU) climate policies, part of the European Green Deal put forward by the von der Leyen Commission, will have profound consequences for other policy areas. During the 2019-2024 legislative term of the European Parliament, the EU adopted an overarching objective to cut net greenhouse gas emissions by

Written by Ralf Drachenberg.

The European Union’s institutional cycle begins anew every five years with the elections to the European Parliament. This is a crucial moment, as it updates both the hardware (the institutional leadership) and the software (the political priorities) of the EU. The European Council, composed of the Heads of State or Government