Law Offices of Mark Litwak & Associates

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A recent case raised the question of whether a sequel movie is always a derivative work of the original work. The sequel was Top Gun: Maverick which  featured Tom Cruise reprising his role as U.S. Navy test pilot Pete “Maverick” Mitchell. The film was wildly successful grossing $1.5 billion worldwide. The original movie was based on a

​Screenwriters should annotate their scripts to document the source of their work. A careful annotation will help a screenwriter defend against defamation and invasion of privacy lawsuits by showing that the writer acted carefully. Recall that when a public figure or public official sues for defamation they must prove that the defendant acted with “actual

Crowdfunding with Donations: Crowdfunding refers to the process of raising money to fund a project or business through numerous small contributors, often using an online platform or funding portal to solicit their investment. Because investing is film is such a risky endeavor, being able to spread that risk among many people  may substantially increase the

The United States Copyright Office concluded recently that art created exclusively by Artificial Intelligence (AI) is not copyrightable. Artists can attempt to register works made with the assistance of AI, but they must prove significant “human authorship.”In February 2023, the Copyright Office determined that a graphic novel comprised of human-authored text combined with images generated

In the past few decades, various decisions of the Supreme Court expanded the fair use doctrine which is a defense  to copyright infringement claims. Under the fair use doctrine, creators can borrow from  existing copyrighted works in creating their own transformative works without permission of the owner of the original works. For example, in  Campbell