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A recent judgment of the General Court of the European Union sheds light on the interpretation and application of the concepts of public policy and morality resulting from a trademark application for “Pablo Escobar” 
In the annals of criminal history few names are as conspicuous and compelling as that of Pablo Escobar, the infamous Colombian

The Supreme Court has delivered a judgment that bolsters copyright protection for works of applied art under criminal law: It sets an important precedent in Spain in distinguishing design as an art that deserves protection under both criminal as well as civil law.
The world of fashion design, in which aesthetics are woven into practicality,

A judgment by Valencia Commercial Court no. 4, recognizes the right of the breeder of a protected variety to act only against the harvested material and awards compensation equivalent to the profit obtained from marketing the fruit illegally.
A plant variety must meet four requirements for the breeder to obtain exclusive protection: novelty, distinctness, uniformity

The Enlarged Board of Appeal of the European Patent Office (EPO) has accepted the possibility of submitting new evidence of the inventive step of a patent application or patent that has been granted during the grant and opposition procedures. 
Article 52(1) of the European Patent Convention (EPC) provides that European patents shall be granted for