The main piece of legislation controlling drug offences in India is the Narcotic Drugs and
Psychotropic Substances Act (NDPS Act) of 1985. It controls how narcotics and
psychoactive chemicals are made, manufactured, grown, possessed, sold, bought,
transported, and consumed. Based on their potential for abuse and accepted medicinal
uses, medicines are categorised under the NDPS Act into various schedules or categories.
In addition to drugs like opium, heroin, and cocaine, the legislation lists psychoactive
substances including cannabis, LSD, MDMA (Ecstasy), and amphetamines.
The Act defines offences including the manufacturing, funding, and possession of drugs. The
amount, kind, and nature of the drug(s) used, as well as the offence’s specifics, all affect the
punishments for drug-related offences. The NDPS Act prohibits bail for crimes, and it
provides for harsh penalties like jail time and fines.It permits the use of narcotic medications
and psychoactive substances for medicinal and scientific purposes. To manage and monitor
their distribution and make sure they are not diverted for illegal uses, severe rules and
licensing procedures are in place.

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