Recipients of periodic or annuity retirement plan distributions provide a Form W-4P to payors of pension or annuity payments for the correct amount of federal income tax to be withheld from these distributions. (While retirement plan administrators are primarily liable for withholding (and remittance of withholding), under Treasury Regulation § 3405-1T, Q&A 13 , this responsibility can be, and commonly is, shifted to the payor.) In response to changes to the withholding rules in the Tax Cut and Jobs Act of 2017 (TCJA), the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) updated Form W-4P in 2022 and mandated the use of the new 2023 Form W-4P as of January 1, 2023.